2/10/10 Emergency Services Ideas- form Emergency Manager Foley

 

Emergency Services in Lake County
White Paper
 
 
 
 
 
                                      
January 2010
Emergency Services in Lake County has a long and interesting history. The citizens and visitors of Lake County live, work, and play here for the beauty of the highest mountains in Colorado, the amazing hunting and fishing, the incredible skiing / snowshoeing, world-class snowmobiling, a rich mining heritage, and a plethora of other treasures provided by our mountain home. By choosing to live in a rural and isolated community we face, often on our own, natural hazards such as severe winter storms, wildland fires, avalanches, and flooding; and man-made hazards that include open mine shafts, large traffic accidents, hazardous materials accidents, and dangerous individuals. Over the years we have developed emergency response systems to address these types of emergencies when they arise. The Lake County Emergency Communications Center (LCECC) fields hundreds calls for service each year. 
 
In addition to the day-to-day emergencies that we face – we are also trained and prepared to handle large-scale emergencies and disasters. The Lake County Emergency Operations Plan is the guiding plan for all response agencies during a big event. 
 
The City of Leadville and Lake County invest over $2,500,000 a year in emergency services.
 

 
County
City
District
Lake County Sheriff’s Office
$610,391
 
 
Leadville LC Fire Rescue
$525,503
$235,298
 
City of Leadville Police Dept
 
$610,391
 
St. Vincent Ambulence
 
 
$500,000
 
 
 
$2,481,583

 
In Lake County the term Emergency Services refers to a combination of specific disciplines: law enforcement, emergency medical response, emergency management, fire protection, hazardous materials response, technical rescue, search and rescue, and public health response. These disciplines are usually housed in specific agencies, for example high angle rescue is housed in the Lake County Search and Rescue team and HAZMAT response team is the responsibility of the fire department. The following figure represents all of the disciplines independent of the current agency that houses them.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emergency Services in Lake County
 
 
The first response agencies in Lake County work very hard to provide a high level of service to each and every citizen in need. This research is in no way an attack on, or intended disrespect to, the past, current, or future work of the first responders of Lake County. This research is an attempt to ask ourselves – is emergency services in Lake County the best it can be for what we can afford. 
 
With this in mind, the central question driving this research is:
 
Is the money, time, and energy currently invested in Emergency Services in Leadville and Lake County providing the highest return on investment for the taxpayers?
 
Variables that help us measure this outcome are:
 
1.      Public Education / Prevention
2.      Hazard Mitigation
3.      Dispatch
4.      Response Time
5.      Unified Command
6.      Equipment Arriving On-Scene
7.      Number of Responders Arriving On-Scene
8.      Number of trained volunteers arriving on-scene
9.      Level of training / skill mastery of responder’s on-scene
10. Quality of medical care provided (pre-hospital)
11. Professionalism of responders
12. Incident Recovery / Support Services
13. Debriefing / After Action Reporting / Case Review
 
Two possible answers are outlined in this paper:
 
1. The current emergency services system provides a high return on investment.
2. The current emergency services system does not provide a high return on investment.
 
This paper will argue from the premise that the current emergency services system in Lake County does not provide a high return on investment for the taxpayer’s money. The reasons for this argument will be outlined in the next section. Then a picture of the ideal Lake County Emergency Services system will be presented.
 
From this premise three solutions will be offered:
 
Combine all of the emergency response agencies from the City and the County into one large public service entity.
Lake County will withdraw all money give to the City for fire protection services and will create an emergency services response agency within the County.
Re-write the current IGA between the City and the County to better reflect the needs and interest of the citizens of the County.
 
This is only three possible solutions from a potential list of dozens of different possibilities. The reasons for these three solutions are outlined in the explanation of the solution later in this paper.
 
First, a better definition of emergency services is necessary to better understand the nuances of what we currently have in place. Emergency Services in Lake County has traditionally been made up of:
Main Functions of Emergency Services in Lake County:
 
Emergency services in Leadville and Lake County are typically thought of as law, fire, and EMS. These are the tree main response agencies that are seen responding to calls in the City and County. Other administrative, support, and supplemental agencies and individuals make up the entirety of emergency services:
 
Emergency Management
                        Mitigation
Preparedness
Response
Recovery
 
Law Enforcement
            Communications
            Road Patrol
            Jail
 
Emergency Medical Services
            Ambulance
            Triage / Mass Casualty
 
Structural Fire Protection
 
Wildland Fire Protection
 
Hazardous Materials Response
 
Technical Rescue
            Vehicle Extrication
            Dive Rescue
            Ice / Immersion Rescue
            Swiftwater Rescue
            High Angle Rescue
            Confined Space / Mine Rescue
 
Search & Rescue
            Land Search & Rescue
            Urban Search & Rescue
 
Heavy Equipment Response & Debris Removal
 
Public Health Response
 



 
Challenges
 
This is a list of challenges to the current emergency services system as identified by the Lake County Emergency Services Council and the Emergency Manager.
 
(a)   Duplication of services
(b)   Long response times in the county
(c)    Poor Patient Care
(d)   Limited trained personnel in-county to respond to large emergencies (lack of depth)
(e)    Lack of clarity around jurisdiction
(f)     Wasting of Taxpayers’ Dollars (paid to sleep, mis-use of vehicles, etc.)
(g)   Departmental leadership living outside of the County
(h)   County citizens paying for great City response capability
(i)     ISO Ratings
(j)     Tension Between Agencies in the Field - Infighting
(k)   First Responder pay is low/ High Turnover - Lake County serving as a training center for surrounding counties / front range
(l)     No Emergency Services Master Plan / Strategic Plan
(m)No Unified Vision for Capital Expenditures
(n)   No Unified platform for public education and accident prevention
(o)   No plan for citizen preparedness
(p)   Training is not matched to identified/common threats
(q)   Response capability is not match to identified / common threats
(r)    Memorandum of understanding / mutual aid agreements / pre-incident action plans not maintained and/or shared
(s)    Tension created by competition for limited resources
(t)     Poor Leadership
(u)   Poor Communication & Cooperation between:
(v)    Departments
(w) City & County
(x)   Members of the LCESC
(y)    Threats to First Responder Safety
(z)    Building an IGA in clear evidence of the inability of the City and County to work together
(aa)           Lack of Interagency Training
(bb)           Loss of Public Support and Confidence
 



 
A.  Duplication of Services
 
A duplication of services exists within the agencies providing emergency response in Leadville and Lake County. Examples include:
 
1. Law Enforcement
(a)   9 Sheriff (376 sq miles, 8000 citizens)
(b)   9 City Police (1 sq mile, 2500 citizens)
2. EMS
(a)   LLCFR has EMT’s
(b)   SVH has EMT’s
(c)    LCSO has EMT’s
(d)   LCSAR has EMT’s
3. Fire Suppression
(a)   LLCFR has wildland fire fighters
(b)   LCSO has wildland fire fighters
4. HAZMAT
(a)   LLCFR has HAZMAT Operators and Technicians
(b)   LCSO has HAZMAT Operators
(c)    SVH and LPD is supposed to have HAZMAT Operators, but has not come into compliance
5. Rescue
(a)   LLCFR has rescue technicians
(b)   LCSO has rescue technicians
(c)    LCSAR has rescue technicians
6. Emergency Planning
(a)   LCOEM
(b)   LLCFR
(c)    LCSO
 
Ø      Could money be better utilized by cross-training responders so that an individual first responder that shows up on-scene can handle all law enforcement, medical, HAZMAT and rescue issues that present?
Ø      Could we eliminate multiple agencies and work under one – unified organizational structure. This structure could create depth and cut down on excess personnel (supervisors).
Ø      Could pairs of these cross-trained responders be posted out in the City and County to allow immediate response and treatment to persons in need versus waiting for a single response from Leadville?

Long Response Times in the County
 
We currently operate under a centralized dispatch and response system for fire and EMS. The Sheriff’s Office will have Deputies patrolling out in the County which can expedite initial first responder arrival. The fire department responds from Station 1 and the ambulance responds from SVH.
1. Response times to the City of Leadville are 1 to 3 minutes if the engine and ambulance are within the City limits at the time of call in good weather conditions. Response times in the City can be longer if these resources are working an incident in the City or County and a back-up crew is needed. 
2. Response times to the subdivisions immediately surrounding the City of Leadville are 5 to 10 minutes if the engine and ambulance are within the City limits at the time of call in good weather conditions. Response times in the City can be longer if these resources are working an incident in the City or County and a back-up crew is needed. 
3. Response times to subdivisions and individual residences in the County are poor:
15 – 60 Minutes: Residences and Businesses in Pan Ark, Twin Lakes, Hwy 82 Corridor, Beaver Lake Estates, Mount Massive Lakes Estates, Highway 91 North, Homestake Trout Club, Sylvan Lake Estates, Ski Cooper, Climax, Granite.
Can response times be reduced by:
1.      Getting away from 24 hour shifts and putting first responders on 12 hour shifts posted out in the City and County in tactical response vehicles (F350 Crew Cab w/ Utility Box) that carry two cross-trained responders with immediate response equipment for law, fire, EMS, and HAZMAT? On vehicle south (24 & 82), one vehicle north (24 & 91), and one in Leadville? Supervisory personnel could stay close to town to get larger resources (engine, hammer, wildland truck, ambulance) when necessary. In this model we do not need more stations.
Double Taxation
 
The citizens of the City of Leadville pay for law, fire, ems, and city street maintenance.
 
7. City
(a)   Law
(b)   Fire
(c)    EMS
(d)   Road Maintenance
(e)     
(f)     The citizens of the County pay for law, fire, ems, and county road and bridge maintenance.
(g)    
8. County
(a)   Law
(b)   Fire
(c)    EMS
(d)   Road Maintenance
 
Ø      Is it possible that combining these services could generate cost reductions by eliminating duplication of positions, materials, and equipment?
Ø      Could we reduce the tax burden on citizens and at the same time increase response times, response capability, and improve patient outcomes?
Ø      Could law, fire, and ems responsibilities in the City be turned over to the County and the tax burden on the City residents is decreased?
o       $500000 a year for law enforcement
o       $250000 a year of fire
Thus returning $750000 to the City taxpayers and allowing the money contributed to the County to cover emergency response in the City and the County?



 
Poor Patient Care
 
1. SVH is barely able to maintain a BLS delivery system let alone an ALS delivery system.
2. Patients suffer when response times are long.
3. Patients suffer when EMT’s are under trained and lack experience.
4. Patients suffer when turnover rate is high in the ambulance service.
 
Could we generate a higher level of certification and proficiency by combining services so that EMS personnel are out on the road?
Could we create a unified Lake County Emergency Services that provides law enforcement, fire, ems, and hazmat response to the City and County?
Would Saint Vincent’s Hospital be amiable to eliminating its current ambulance service and contributing to a fund that creates a combined services model for EMS delivery?
Who would do the billing?
Who would oversee medical direction?
Who would track patient care and documentation?
Would cross-trained EMS first responders get more exposure to different emergency types and situations in this model?
Who would handle day-to-day transports for SVH?
What about the argument that having the EMT’s in the ER provides them greater patient exposure?
What if SVH only hired and trained paramedics and all other first responders function as EMT’s providing pre-hospital emergency care?
 



 
Limited Trained Personnel In-County to Respond to Large Emergencies
 
Every exercise / simulation / and large-scale training that we have conducted over the past few years indicates that we do not have enough personnel to handle large scale emergencies.
 
Currently we often have to call in back-up engines from Copper Mountain while responding to single structure events.
 
Would combining services create a deeper pool of cross-trained paid first responders to make operational during a large-scale event?
Would combining services create a deeper pool of cross-trained volunteer first responders to work in preparedness, prevention, and provide backfill for large scale events?
Could a paid-volunteer system allow paid first responders to be augmented quickly and efficiently by paid-volunteer first responders?
 
It is important to remember that we should not create new systems around existing personnel, positions, or personalities. Most of the players that are currently in first responder positions are not likely to be here in two to five years when the majority of changes take full effect.
 
How do we honor current first responders for their contribution and at the same time stay objective when looking at new systems of emergency services?
 
Also – personnel sourcing can be a tricky subject. On one call last year a woman was having chest pains and dialed 911. In her single-wide trailer there were 3 EMT’s, 4 Firefighters, 2 Law Enforcement Officers along with her family. Nine personnel were not needed for this call. Often excess personnel are called out to small or insignificant calls.  The flip side to this is a three car motor vehicle crash with extensive extrication where the same number of responders would be inadequate. 
 
What is the optimal staffing system to ensure the right numbers of responders are on-scene to mitigate the hazards and treat the patient?
 
E. Lack of Clarity Around Jurisdiction
1.      Federal Lands
a.       Approximately 70% (???) of Lake County is federally owned.
b.      Federal agencies have limited to no law enforcement, EMS, or HAZMAT capability.
2.      State Lands
Approximately 10% (???) of Lake County is State owned.
State agencies have limited to no law enforcement, EMS, or HAZMAT capability.
3.                                                                     Lake County
1.      The Lake County Sheriff is the designated authority for law events in Lake County. The Lake County Sheriff has jurisdiction in the City of Leadville.
2.      The Lake County Sheriff is the designated authority for fire in Lake County by State statute. 
3.      The Lake County Sheriff is the Designated Emergency Response Authority (DERA) for HAZMAT in the county by County resolution. 
4.      The Sheriff is responsible for search and rescue in the county by State statute. 
5.      The Lake County Emergency Manager is the designated Disaster Agency as mandated by State statute for Lake County.
6.      Lake County does not have a designated EMS provider by county resolution.
     4.    Leadville
1.      The Leadville Police Department is the designated authority for law events in the City of Leadville. 
2.      The City of Leadville does not have a designated fire response authority or DERA (unless stipulated in the city charter?). 
3.      The Lake County Sheriff is responsible for search and rescue in the City of Leadville.
4.      The Lake County Emergency Manager is the designated Disaster Agency as mandated by State statute for the City of Leadville.
Challenges:
1.      Leadville / Lake County Fire Rescue have no legal jurisdiction in Lake County. In the past the Fire Chief was sworn in as the Deputy Fire Marshall by the Lake County Sheriff giving LLCFR jurisdiction in the County. The current LLCFR leadership does not have that authority.
2.      Saint Vincent Ambulance Service has no legal jurisdiction in Lake County.
3.      During a large scale event independently elected officials and special districts have complete control over what and how many resources they send to the event yet they have no statutory responsibility to maintain these resources, skill sets, or personnel.
 
Ø      Are jurisdictional boundaries an issue?
Ø      Who is in charge of an incident?
Ø      Who is authorized to incur expenses related to the incident?
Who is authorized to request mutual aid to respond to the incident?
Who is responsible if a first responder or citizen is hurt or killed during an incident?
Who is responsible for the recovery efforts after the incident?
Are there State and Federal concerns around jurisdiction?
Would creating one response authority under the Lake County Government eliminate jurisdictional issues?
 
 
F. Wasting of Taxpayers’ Dollars
 
The citizens of Leadville and Lake County have continually expressed outrage at the wasting of taxpayers’ money in concern to:
 
The fire engine going around town on personal errands.
The fire fighters being paid to sleep.
The EMT’s being paid to sleep.
The fire engine is not needed on the majority of the calls that they respond to.
County fire assets being used on out-of-state fires.
City patrol cars and County patrol SUV’s.
High levels of training and equipment for events that are very unlikely to occur (hammer, decon).
Paying for individual ‘houses’ like a fire department, sheriff’s offices, dispatch, police department, EMS quarters, search & rescue. 
 
Could going to cross-trained first responders working 12 hour shifts out on patrol resolve some of this concern?
Could a combination of services eliminate:
Upper administration
Excess first responders
Building space
Vehicles
Response Equipment
 
G. Department Leadership Living Outside of the County
 
The Fire Chief lives in Monument, Colorado. He rents an apartment in Leadville but apparently stays there only two or three nights a week. His primary residence, his family, and his assets still reside in Monument.
The Police Chief lives in Eagle County. He rents an apartment in Leadville but apparently does not stay here. His primary residence, his family, and his assets still reside in Eagle County.
 
 
 
Leadership that resides outside of the City or County:
Ø      Creates situations where leadership is outside of the City/County during large-scale events. Weather can often inhibit transportation back into the county during such an event.
Ø      Creates an atmosphere that challenges the ‘commitment’ of the department leader to the community if they are not willing to pay taxes, shop, school their children, and bring other skilled workers (spouses) to our community.
Ø      Creates a perceived lack of investment in the outcomes of decisions made by these leaders.
H. County Citizens Paying For a Great City Response Capability
1.      Some County citizens have stated that they feel that their tax dollars are going to providing a 2-3 minute emergency response capability within the City of Leadville, yet they see 20 to 30 minute response times out in the county.
2.      Some people argue that ‘well they chose to live out in the boondocks – they knew the capabilities when they moved/built there’.
3.      Some argue that the City of Leadville is ‘built out’ and that most subdivision and home building will be occurring in the County, thus better emergency services are needed in the County.
4.      Some argue that many of the homes being built in the County are ‘second’ homes and that servicing these visitors is an increased tax burden for full-time residents.
 
Ø      Is there any validity to this argument?
I.   ISO Ratings
A common argument is that any changing of service configuration will result in decreased or lowered ISO ratings. This will result in higher insurance rates. 
1.       How much are ISO ratings still used to determine insurance rates?
2.       If another method is used to generate a risk profile – what are they, who use them, how can we best address this?
J. Tension Between Agencies in The Field – Infighting
 
The current tensions between agencies are causing infighting or tension in the field on emergency responses.
 
1. There have been accusations of physical contact between fire and law on-scene.
2. Agencies have ignored established command structures on incidents and gone ‘rogue’ endangering themselves and other responders.
3. Tension between first responders can have a detrimental effect on patient care.
 
Will changing the structure of emergency services in Lake County decrease in-fighting and tension?
 
K. First Responder Pay is Low/ High Turnover
Lake County Serving as a Training Center for Surrounding Counties / Front Range
The entry level first responder makes approximately $33,000 a year. Surrounding counties and Front Range agencies are paying $55,000 to $75,000 for similar positions. 
1.      Lower pay for equal work creates animosity among first responders.
2.      Lower pay with high levels of training essentially mean that we serve as a training center for surrounding counties and the Front Range. When a new recruit comes to Leadville with FF1 and within one to two years has FF1, FF2, Engineer, Squad/Crew Boss, EMT – Basic/ IV, HAZMAT Ops or Tech, and other certifications they are an excellent candidate for a higher paying position outside of Lake County.
3.      It is attractive to supplement low pay with excessive overtime. A look at W2’s might indicate that a $33,000 a year employee is actually making $55,000 through overtime, comp time, and other supplements. 
4.      Employees with lower pay will often take a second and third job outside of the County draining backfill resources during large events.
 
Ø      Will combining positions to create higher paying positions resolve the ‘training center’ problem faced in Leadville/Lake County?
Ø      Will higher paying positions get more qualified first responders to apply for positions?
Ø      Will traditional fire fighter, EMT, cops be attracted to a combined position?
L. No Emergency Services Master Plan / Strategic Plan
No emergency services master plan or strategic plan exists. When policy makers are faced with a financial or policy decision there is no plan in place to guide them. An effective emergency services master plan or strategic plan might address:
Public Education / Prevention
Hazard Mitigation
Dispatch
Response Times
Unified Incident Command
Capital expenditures and equipment / apparatus replacement plan
Response profile (number of responders, training, capability)
Level of training / skill mastery of responder’s on-scene
Quality of medical care provided (pre-hospital)
Professionalism of responders
Incident Recovery / Support Services
Debriefing / After Action Reporting / Case Review
 
The Lake County Emergency Services Council has attempted many times in the past to develop such a plan and has failed. 
Ø      At this time the LCESC is incapable of functioning as an planning / advisory group because of tensions between agencies and tensions between the City and the County.
M. No Unified Expenditures for Capital Expenditures
1. Equipment – purchase, upgrade, p & m, replacement
2. Apparatus – purchase, upgrade, p & m, replacement
3. Bricks & Mortar – Public Service Center?
4. Grants
N. No Unified Platform for Public Education & Accident Prevention
O. No Plan for Citizen Preparedness
P.   Training is Not Matched to Identified / Common Threats
Q.   Response Capability is Not Matched to Identified / Common Threats
R.   Memorandum of Understanding / Mutual Aid Agreements / Pre-Incident Plans Not Maintained or Shared
S.   Tension Created by Competition for Limited Resources 
U. Poor Leadership
Departments
City & County
LCESC – ineffective.
V. Poor Communication & Cooperation
Departments
City & County
Members of the LCESC
W. Threats to First Responder Safety
X. Building an IGA in Clear Evidence of the Inability of the City and County to Work Together
Y. Lack of Interagency Training
Z. Loss of Public Support & Confidence
            a. Mis-information, propaganda, lies
            b. Lack of involvement
                        Citizen Panel or Board
                        Citizen Survey
 
 



What would an optimal emergency services paradigm look like in Lake County?
 
Public Education / Prevention
Public education programs and accident prevention programs will create a higher level of awareness and preparedness within our citizenry thus reducing accidents and assisting in response to incidents.
 
Hazard Mitigation
A pro-active hazard identification, vulnerability assessment, and mitigation program will reduce risks to the populace of Lake County.
 
Dispatch
Citizens will have immediate access to first responders via a modern, well trained, effective emergency communications system. 
 
Response Times
The average response time to any location in Lake County is less than 8 minutes.
 
Unified Incident Command
All incidents will be operated following the NIMS / ICS. Unified command will be used with any Federal and/or State incidents.
 
Equipment arriving on-scene
Equipment arriving on scene will be up-to-date, functional, and appropriate for the risk types in Lake County.
 
Number of responders arriving on-scene
The numbers of responders arriving on scene are appropriate to the incident type and magnitude.
 
Level of training / skill mastery of responder’s on-scene
The first responders arriving on-scene will have adequate training and skill mastery for the ‘normal’ call. They will have the ability to recognize when the event goes beyond the training / skill set of the on-scene crew and request appropriate response or mutual aid.
 
Quality of medical care provided (pre-hospital)
 
Professionalism of responders
 
Incident Recovery / Support Services
 
Debriefing / After Action Reporting / Case Review
 
 
The next logical question is: how can this be achieved in light of the current financial resources available in Lake County, the challenges outlined, and the optimal emergency services paradigm?

1, 5, & 10 Year Vision for Emergency Services in Lake County
By December 31, 2010
Public Education / Prevention
Hazard Mitigation
Dispatch
Response Time
Unified Command
Equipment Arriving On-Scene
Number of Responders Arriving On-Scene
Level of training / skill mastery of responder’s on-scene
Quality of medical care provided (pre-hospital)
Professionalism of responders
Incident Recovery / Support Services
Debriefing / After Action Reporting / Case Review
 
By December 31, 2014
Public Education / Prevention
Hazard Mitigation
Dispatch
Response Time
Unified Command
Equipment Arriving On-Scene
Number of Responders Arriving On-Scene
Level of training / skill mastery of responder’s on-scene
Quality of medical care provided (pre-hospital)
Professionalism of responders
Incident Recovery / Support Services
Debriefing / After Action Reporting / Case Review
 
By December 31, 2019
Public Education / Prevention
Hazard Mitigation
Dispatch
Response Time
Unified Command
Equipment Arriving On-Scene
Number of Responders Arriving On-Scene
Level of training / skill mastery of responder’s on-scene
Quality of medical care provided (pre-hospital)
Professionalism of responders
Incident Recovery / Support Services
Debriefing / After Action Reporting / Case Review
 
Possible Solutions
These are three of many potential solutions to the challenges listed above. 
Solution 1:
 
Combine all of the emergency response agencies from SVH, the City, and the County into one large public service entity. This option also looks at combing street/road maintenance departments.
 
Solution 2:
 
Lake County will withdraw all money given to the City for fire protection services and will create an emergency services response agency within the County that provides law, fire, EMS, HAZMAT and rescue operations.
 
Solution 3:
 
Re-write the current IGA between the City and the County to better reflect the needs and interest of the citizens of the County.



 
 
Solution 1:
 
Combine all of the emergency response agencies from SVH, the City, and the County into one large public service entity.
 
CONTENTS
Overview of current services
Current budgetary information
Proposed services
Proposed budgetary information
Review and comparison
 
OVERVIEW OF CURRENT SERVICES
            The city of Leadville provides law enforcement through the Leadville City Police Department, fire suppression through the Leadville/Lake County Fire Rescue and roadway maintenance through the Leadville City Street Department. The Leadville City Police Department is further supported in its duties by the Leadville Municipal Court, a contracted attorney for prosecution and the Animal Shelter. The Leadville City Police Department provides law enforcement protection, investigation, traffic control and investigation, service of civil process through municipal court, animal control and other law enforcement services as required. The Leadville/Lake County Fire Rescue provides fire suppression, enforcement of fire codes, inspections for fire related safety concerns, medical response, hazardous materials response and rescue operations. The Leadville City Street Department provides street maintenance, repair, sign placement and repair, snow removal and road sanding. There are 26 fulltime and 4 part time positions that support these three functions which have legal authorities within the city limits of Leadville Colorado.
            Lake County provides law enforcement through the Lake County Sheriff’s Office, fire suppression through the Lake County Sheriff’s Office and an Intergovernmental Agreement with the city of Leadville relative to the Leadville/Lake County Fire Rescue and roadway maintenance through Lake County Road and Bridge. The Lake County Sheriff’s Office is further supported by an I.G.A. with the city of Leadville to use the Animal Impound. The Lake County Sheriff’s Office provides law enforcement protection, investigation, traffic control and investigation, service of civil process through county and district court, animal control, other law enforcement services as required, operations of the Emergency Communications Center and the Lake County Jail. The Lake County Sheriff’s Office in conjunction with the Leadville/Lake County Fire Rescue provides fire suppression, enforcement of fire codes, inspections for fire related safety concerns, medical response, hazardous materials and rescue operations. The Lake County Road and Bridge provides road maintenance, repair, sign placement and repair, snow removal and road sanding. There are 31 fulltime positions that support these three functions which have legal authority within all of Lake County.
(THE FOLLOWING FIGURES ARE BASED ON THE MOST CURRENT BUDGET INFORMATION AVAILABLE AT THE TIME OF CALCULATION)  
 



 
CURRENT BUDGETARY INFORMATION
 
Leadville City Police Department
6 F.T.E. Law Enforcement, 3 P.T.E. Law Enforcement, 2 Clerical
Budget……………………………………………………………….           577,405.00
Capital Expenditure………………………………………………..                29,317.00
TOTAL BUDGET………………………………………………….              610,391.00
 
Leadville/Lake County Fire Rescue
10 F.T.E.
Budget……………………………………………………………….            760,801.00
Capital Expenditure………………………………………………..                0.00
TOTAL BUDGET………………………………………………….             730,175.00
 
Leadville City Street Department
7 F.T.E.
Budget……………………………………………………………….           467,732.00
Capital Expenditure/Street Improvement.……………………….                     33,485.00
TOTAL BUDGET…………………………………………………..            500,497.00
 
Municipal Court
1 P.T.E.
Budget……………………………………………………………….           22,468.00
Capital Expenditure………………………………………………..                0.00
TOTAL BUDGET………………………………………………….             22,468.00
 
Animal Shelter
1F.T.E., 1 P.T.E.
Budget………………………………………………………………            66,594.00
Capital Expenditure……………………………………………….                 0.00
TOTAL BUDGET…………………………………………………               66,594.00
 
City Budget For Listed Departments
26 F.T.E., 5 P.T.E.
TOTAL BUDGET…………………………………………………              1,930,125.00
 
Revenues specific to the listed departments ( animal control fees, animal shelter county, state highway maintenance, highway users tax, P.D. surcharge, court fines, parking fines, traffic fines, donations to animal shelter, helicopter standby, county fire protection )
 
TOTAL REVENUES…………………………………………….                 781,099.00
 
TOTAL COST TO OPERATE THE LISTED CITY DEPARTMENTS           1,149,026.00
 
 
 
 
 
Lake County Sheriff’s Office
10 F.T.E.
Budget…………………………………………………………….                 590,663.00
Capital Expenditure……………………………………………..                    38,520.00
TOTAL BUDGET……………………………………………….                  629,183.00
 
Lake County Jail
9 F.T.E.
Budget…………………………………………………………….                 551,003.00
Capital Expenditure……………………………………………..                            0.00
TOTAL BUDGET……………………………………………….                 551,003.00
 
Animal Control
Budget……………………………………………………………..                  35,500.00
Capital Expenditures…………………………………………….                           0.00
TOTAL BUDGET………………………………………………..                  35,500.00
 
Fire Control
Budget………………………………………………………………              525,503.00
Capital Expenditures……………………………………………..                          0.00
TOTAL BUDGET…………………………………………………              525,503.00
 
Lake County Road and Bridge
12 FTE, 2 PTE
Budget……………………………………………………………..              1,321,559.00
Capital Expenditure………………………………………………                           0.00
TOTAL BUDGET…………………………………………………            1,321,559.00
 
County Budget for listed Offices and Departments
31FTE, 2PTE
TOTAL BUDGET…………………………………………………            3,062,748.00
 
Revenues specific to the listed Offices or departments (fines, fees, charges, cost recovery, permits, state highway user tax, grants)
 
TOTAL REVENUES……………………………………………..             1,663,987.00
 
TOTAL COST TO OPERATE LISTED OFFICES OR
DEPARTMENTS…………………………………………………             1,398,761.00
 
TOTAL COST TO LOCAL TAX PAYERS TO SUPPORT
THESE OFFICE’S AND DEPARTMENTS…………………….             2,547,787.00
 
 
 
PROPOSED SERVICES
Lake County will provide law enforcement, road maintenance and fire response to both the city and county. Through a clarification of duties, responsibilities, stream lining services, and reorganizing the manpower formula the citizens of this community could realize a cost savings of 347,900.00 which could then be applied to shortfalls in other areas such as Capital Construction, Capital Acquisition or returned to the tax payer. An Intergovernmental Agreement could be made in which the city of Leadville would contract with the county of Lake for the mentioned services with language that would permit direction of these services by both governmental entities. A more clearly defined role of expected services could be reached. Services such as fire inspections, fire code enforcement, unified code enforcement, emergency communications, road planning, road maintenance and etc. With only one entity buying equipment, supplies, fuel and etc. a cost savings could be realized as well.
PROPOSED BUDGETARY INFORMATION
The following budgets are proposed and may be less or more depending on statutory requirements, agreements proposed between the entities or unforeseen needs. The budgets are in line item form so that each may be analyzed and discussed if needed. Some areas are based on per person averages of budgets. Wages are based on a maximum allowable for the position.
Law Enforcement, Jail, Emergency Communications, Records, Animal Control and Fire Response Provided By the Lake County Sheriff’s Office
LAW ENFORCEMENT, ANIMAL CONTROL and FIRE RESPONSE
01. Wage………………………………………………………                      1,205,414.00
02. Overtime………………………………………………….                           48,000.00
03. Holiday……………………………………………………                           36,000.00
04. Employer FICA Tax……………………………………..(6.2)                   74,736.00
05. Employer FICA Medicare Tax………………………….(1.45)                 17,479.00
06. Colorado Unemployment…………………………………(3.0)                  36,163.00
07. Retirement…………………………………………………(6.0)                 72,325.00
08. Health Insurance…………………………………(425.00 estimate)          10,200.00
09. Clothing Allowance……………………………………….                          21,600.00
10. Office Supplies…………………………………………….                            4,500.00
11. Operating Supplies………………………………………..                         25,000.00
12. Public Official Bond……………………………………….                              500.00
13. Travel……………………………………………………….                          7,500.00
14.  Training & Education……………………………………..                        12,500.00
15. Dues and Subscriptions……………………………………                        12,000.00
16. Vehicle Maintenance………………………………………..                       60,000.00
17. Fuel……………………………………………………………                     97,000.00
18. Towing Charges……………………………………………..                        5,000.00
19. Weapons…………(includes purchase of 13 more weapons)                     25,000.00
20. Specialized Equipment……………………………………….                    30,000.00
21. Vehicles and Equipment…………………………………….                    150,000.00
22. Utilities……………………………………………………….                        7,000.00
23. Professional and Animal Expenses..………………………..                      15,000.00
TOTAL……………………………………………………………                1,972,917.00
EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS, RECORDS and JAIL
01. Wage………………………………………………………                         360,000.00
02. Overtime………………………………………………….                           40,000.00                          
03. Holiday……………………………………………………                           17,000.00
04. Employer FICA Tax……………………………………..(6.2)                    22,320.00
05. Employer FICA Medicare Tax………………………….(1.45)                   5,220.00
06. Colorado Unemployment…………………………………(3.0)                  10,800.00
07. Retirement…………………………………………………(6.0)                  21,600.00
08. Health Insurance…………………………………(425.00 estimate)            4,675.00
09. Clothing Allowance……………………………………….                            4,000.00
10. Office Supplies…………………………………………….                            5,000.00
11. Operating Supplies………………………………………..                         30,000.00
12. Travel……………………………………………………….                          6,000.00
13. Training & Education……………………………………..                          9,000.00
14. Dues and Subscriptions……………………………………                          5,000.00
15. Inmate Medical Services..………………………………..                          20,000.00
16. Boarding of Prisoners…………………………………….                        120,000.00
17. Extraditions………………………………………………….                        5,000.00
18. Jail Meals…………………………………………………….                      22,000.00
TOTAL……………………………………………………………                   707,615.00
ROAD REPAIR and MAINTENANCE  
01. Wage………………………………………………………                         651,154.00
02. Overtime………………………………………………….                           55,000.00
03. Holiday……………………………………………………                                    0.00
04. Employer FICA Tax……………………………………..(6.2)                    40,372.00
05. Employer FICA Medicare Tax………………………….(1.45)                   9,442.00
06. Colorado Unemployment…………………………………(3.0)                  19,535.00
07. Retirement…………………………………………………(6.0)                  39,070.00
08. Health Insurance…………………………………425.00 estimate)             7,225.00
09. Clothing Allowance……………………………………….                            3,500.00                          
10. Office Supplies…………………………………………….                            3,500.00
11. Operating Supplies………………………………………..                         45,000.00
12. Public Official Bond……………………………………….                                  0.00
13. Travel……………………………………………………….                          8,000.00
14. Training & Education……………………………………..                        14,000.00
15. Dues and Subscriptions……………………………………                          3,000.00
16. Vehicle Maintenance………………………………………..                       20,000.00
17. Fuel……………………………………………………………                   125,000.00
18. Utilities………………………………………………………                       35,000.00
19. Heavy Equipment Maintenance……………………………                    200,000.00
20. Building Maintenance………………………………………                       50,000.00
21. Shop Safety Equipment…………………………………….                         7,000.00
22. Vehicle Safety Equipment………………………………….                         2,000.00
23. Tires………………………………………………………….                       50,000.00
24. Blades & Cutting Edges…………………………………….                      25,000.00
25. Windshield Glass…………………………………………….                        4,000.00
26. Radio Equipment……………………………………………                        5,000.00
27. Culverts………………………………………………………                      25,000.00
28. Winter Salt…………………………………………………..                       16,000.00
29. Road Signs…………………………………………………..                       15,000.00
30. Small Shop Tools……………………………………………                       15,000.00
31. Mag Cloride…………………………………………………                       15,000.00
32. DOT Physicals………………………………………………                         8,000.00
33. DOT License/Reporting……………………………………                          1,000.00
34. Personal Safety Equipment………………………………..                          5,000.00
35. Advertising/Legal/ Bidding………………………………..                          4,000.00
36. Computer Maintenance……………………………………                          4,000.00
37. Treasurer Fees……………………………………………..                           5,000.00
38. Permit/License/Testing Fees……………………………….                         8,000.00
39. Consulting & Engineering…………………………………                          6,000.00
40. Paved Road Construction………………………………….                       60,000.00
41. Gravel Road Construction…………………………………                       30,000.00
42. Heavy Equipment Purchase……………………………….                      225,000.00
43. Asphalting Oil……………………………………………….                               0.00
44. Cold Mix…………………………………………………….                       25,000.00
45. Asphalt Plant Repairs/Supply……………………………..                          7,500.00
46. Equipment Rental…………………………………………..                         7,500.00
47. Hot Plant Fuel……………………………………………….                        4,000.00
48. Crusher Maintenance/Supply………………………………                      20,000.00
49. Gravel Pit Power…………………………………………….                        5,000.00
50. Fuel For Crusher…………………………………………….                      10,000.00   
51. SRS Payments to School…………………………………….                      13,600.00
52. SRS Title III Payments………………………………………                     27,200.00
TOTAL……………………………………………………………                1,983,598.00
TOTAL OF BUDGETS………………………………………….                4,664,130.00                            
COMBINED LISTED REVENUE………………………………               2,464,243.00
TOTAL COST TO TAX PAYERS FOR COMBINING                           2,199,887.00
TOTAL CURRENT COST TO TAXPAYERS…………………              2,547,787.00
TOTAL COST SAVINGS TO TAX PAYERS………………....                  347,900.00
 
PROPOSED POSITIONS AND WAGE DEFINED
Sheriff, set by statute, …………………………………………..                       66,600.00 
Undersheriff, appointed by Sheriff, L.E. & F.F. Certified……                       60,000.00
Lieutenant, appointed by Sheriff, L.E. & F.F. Certified, (4).…                      55,000.00 
Patrol, hired by Sheriff, L.E. & F.F. Certified (16)……………                      50,000.00
Animal Control Supervisor (1)…………………………………                       29,814.00
Animal Control (1)………………………………………………                       29,000.00
Communications Supervisor (1)………………………………..                       40,000.00
Communications Officer (5)…………………………………….                       35,000.00
Records Clerk (2)………………………………………………..                       28,000.00
Jailer (2)………………………………………………………….                       30,000.00
Kitchen Supervisor (1)………………………………………….                        29,000.00
Public Works Director, appointed by B.O.C.C. (1)…………..                        53,700.00
Mechanics (3)……………………………………………………                       38,106.00
Operators (12)…………………………………………………..                        37,928.00
R&B Clerk (1)…………………………………………………..                        28,000.00
TOTAL OF SALARIES AND WAGE FOR ALL POSITIONS                2,216,568.00
 
REVIEW AND COMPARISON
The current structure of the governments of the city of Leadville and the county of Lake are based on long held traditions in all communities that have an incorporation of a city. They have a police agency, a fire agency and a road maintenance agency. The counties have a law enforcement agency, a road maintenance agency and a fire agency if they have a fire district or a county Commissioner approved county fire department. In the case of Lake County there is an intergovernmental agreement between the city and the county to provide fire protection. Fire departments, traditionally, responded to and put out fires but with the enforcement of building and fire codes that need has diminished, and so, many fire departments added a medical component to their response. They then added a rescue component to their response, so, they do not resemble the fire departments of long ago any more. Nationally, fire departments, in communities of our size, respond to a higher percentage of medical and rescue calls, 61.1%, than fire calls, 5.6%, based on a National Fire Protection Association report dated November 2009 prepared by Jennifer Flynn. There are cities and counties throughout the United States of America who have combined services for a more efficient and cost effective way of serving their citizens. Several smaller cities in Colorado have or will combine law enforcement by contracting with the county Sheriff’s. Colorado statutes provide the Sheriff’s who do not have a fire district or other agreements with municipal fire departments to call upon fire departments or fire districts to respond to extinguish fires and these fire agencies can then bill the property owner. It is important to note that city agencies do not have authority outside of their cities unless that authority is granted by a responsible agency who has authority outside of the city. In Colorado the county Sheriff’s have authority for law enforcement and fire protection in the county outside of a fire district boundary or on federal property.
In Lake County there are five public agencies that provide service to our community in the three stated areas, law enforcement, and fire response and road maintenance. These five agencies employ a total 56 fulltime positions and 7 part time positions and have a combined budget of $5,021649.00. Each agency has a top executive, a second in charge and different rules or protocols that they follow to perform their jobs. They, usually, do not involve other agencies to perform their jobs. Due to available revenues these job positions are not generally well paid nor are the benefits that great and the possibility for promotion is usually limited. When these conditions exist in any agency there is usually a high degree of turnover. When any agency has high turnover there are increased costs in overtime to cover shifts, hiring costs, equipment costs and training costs. In addition there is an historical loss of information and a diminished connection to the agency from the public that it serves.
This proposal will provide the same level of service with fewer people, 52 fulltime positions, and at a reduced budget, $4,664,130.00. The elimination of three executive positions and the associated benefits, in combination with a streamlining of personnel and redeveloping how services are provided has created a cost savings in the total budget, $347,900.00. In addition it has allowed for increases in wage and the inclusion of equipment purchases as a line item so that Capital Acquisition money will be able to be funneled to other areas. The resulting effect will be that, through personal improvement, an individual will be able to function as both law enforcement and fire rescue and be paid a wage that is commiserate to their duties which will result in less turn over. By having a dual capacity role and deploying services there will be increased coverage on a shift basis and resources would be all encompassing versus job specific. In addition there should be potential cost savings in the areas of insurance, utilities and other areas not listed in specific budgets.    
 
 
 
 



 
 
Solution 2:
 
Lake County will withdraw all money given to the City for fire protection services and will create an emergency services response agency within the County.
 
 
Lake County Emergency Services Goals
The Lake County Emergency Services (LCES) will provide law enforcement, fire protection, HAZMAT response, rescue, and emergency medical response to the citizens and visitors of Lake County. This comprehensive and unified system of emergency response will provide the entire county with better protection through a simplified delivery system, tighter fiduciary control, and a unified reponse platform. Important note: this plan does not specifically address developing a County-based emergency medical response patient transport paradigm. 
 



 
Lake County Emergency Services (LCES) will:
 
Ø      Realign county emergency response capabilities under jurisdictional authority
o       Currently many of the responsibilities statutorily regulated to the Sheriff are being delivered by a City contractor with no communication with, accountability to, or fiduciary responsibility to the County.
o       The County will have direct fiduciary control of emergency services in Lake County.
o       LCES will re-align response personnel, command, and control to a County entity.
 
Ø      Increased emergency response capability and response times
o       The County will be divided into North, Central, and South zones. Law/fire/ems trained personnel will patrol each of the zones cutting down on response time. Response times will be reduced by an estimated 70%.
o       All first responders will be crossed trained. They will have enough equipment on their patrol units to respond to most incidents in the county independently or with support from strategically placed resource. Simple events will not be over-resourced.
o       This provides a higher level of coverage with less cost to taxpayers
o       Clear lines of authority will be established on each event; the County will be completely NIMS/ICS compliant.
 
Ø      Increase emergency services personnel retention
o       The current average salary for an entry level first responder is markedly below surrounding counties. Increase emergency reponsder salary to competitive levels
o       The turnover rate for many of the first responder agencies in Lake County is 100% every 3-5 years for first responders. A higher salary and a safer and more professional work environment will increase employee retention.
o       Lake County & Leadville first response agencies are essentially a training center for surrounding counties and the Front Range. Higher salaries will increase responder retention.
 
Ø      Streamlining of Finance Systems
o       Elimination of duplication of response capability and multiple supervisors
o       Working under a five year plan to make strategic operational and capital expense decisions.
o       First responders working between events can patrol and provide law enforcement. hazard mitigation, and support services (fire inspections, code inspections, alarm testing, arson investigation). 
 
Ø      Substantial Reserve and Posse (compensated volunteer)
o       With competitive wages for full-time responders we can have a robust and competitive reserve program. 
 
Statutes:          
 
23-31-305 Cooperation by counties. Authorizes counties to “participate in the organization and training of rural fire fighting groups,….
 
24-32-2107 Local and interjurisdictional disaster agencies and services. Each county shall maintain a disaster agency and the Sheriff is responsible for all search and rescue operations.
 
30-10-512 Sheriff to act as fire warden.
 
30-10-513.5 Authority of Sheriff relating to fires within unincorporated areas of county.  
The Sheriff may request assistance in controlling or extinguishing fires if he deems the fire a danger to health or safety or a risk to property.
 
30-11-404 Organization of authority. Authorizes the BOCC to create an authority under resolution.
 
30-15-401.5 Fire safety standards. Allows for a county improvement district that provides fire protection services and sets up  
 
 County Emergency Equipment:
 
Vehicles
                        HAZMAT Truck
                        Decon Trailer
                        Air & Light Cart (can charge air bottles)
                        Dodge Utility Truck
                        Twin Lakes Support Vehicle (ambu)
                        Twin Lakes Explorer
                        4000 Gallon Water Tender
                        6000 Gallon Water Tanker
                        1800 Gallon Tender
 
            4 X 4 Quick Response Vehicles
                        PW – 3
                        SAR – 3
                        SO – 3
           
PPE
                        20 Sets of Bunker Gear
                        20 Sets of HAZMAT Gear
                        6   SCBA’s
 
Tools
                        Complete Set of Extrication Equipment
                        Fire Hand Tools
                        AED’s
                        Ladders
                         Saws (Chain, Demo)
 



 
Need:
            Vehicles
                        1 4X4 Type 3 Mini Pumper (North) w/ Hoses & Nozzle
                        1 4X4 Type 3 Mini Pumper (South) w/ Hoses & Nozzle
                        1 4X4 Type 6 Brush Truck (North) w/ Hoses & Nozzle
                        1 4X4 Type 6 Brush Truck (South) w/ Hoses & Nozzle
 
            PPE
                        Replacement Bunker Gear Program
                        SCBA
 
            Tools
                       
                        Hand Tools
                        Porta-tanks
                        Ladders (24’)
                       
BOCC:
 
1.      Resolution to establish Lake County Emergency Services entity under county government
2.      MOU with the City of Leadville with Mutual Aid
3.      MOU with all surrounding jurisdictions
4.      LCES Budget
 
Buildings:
 
            Lake County Sheriff’s Office
            Lake County Emergency Services Building (Cache)
            Lake County Road & Bridge
            Leadville / Lake County Airport
            Twin Lakes Emergency Services Building
 



 
Current County Employees & Volunteers
 

 
POST
Structural
Wildland
Medical
HAZMAT
NIMS/ICS
Tactical
Technical
Ed Holte
 
 
FF2
BFA/CPR
Ops
100,200,300,400,700,800
 
 
H.Blackford
 
 
 
 
 
100,200,300,400
 
 
Arin D’Mize
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Steve James
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jason Melroy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tony Labato
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charlie King
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Orgega
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arin Hart
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jeff Foley
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tad Fry
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Kester
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Phil Green
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anita Mason
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Judy Tyson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 



 
Response Platform
 
1. Zones
 
The County will be divided up into zones (north, central, south) and patrolled by response teams of two on 12 hour shifts. They will conduct law enforcement (traffic, investigations, drug) when not responding to fire, medical, and rescue calls. They will be patrolling in 4X4 Crew Cab pickup trucks with a utility box that allows them to carry the appropriate law, fire, medical, and rescue equipment to initiate first response to any call. Units outside of the zone where the incident drops will backfill first in unit and brings appropriate large equipment as necessary (engine, tanker, and hammer).
 
0600 to 1800
2 North / 2 South
 
1800 to 0600
2 North / 2 South
 
1500 to 0300
2 Central
 
Sample Shift Matrix
 
This resposne platform allows for the following work shift schedule with a total of 20 full-time first reponders needed.
 

 
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
North AM
2
2
2
2
 
 
 
North PM
2
2
2
2
 
 
 
South AM
2
2
2
2
 
 
 
South PM
2
2
2
2
 
 
 
Central SW
2
2
2
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North AM
 
 
 
2
2
2
2
North PM
 
 
 
2
2
2
2
South AM
 
 
 
2
2
2
2
South PM
 
 
 
2
2
2
2
Central SW
 
 
 
2
2
2
2

 
Training & Qualifications:
The following documents outline the necessary training and qualifications for the Director of LCES, the LCES Command Staff, and the LCES First Responders.

Minimum Certification Schema for Lake County Sheriff’s Office Director of Emergency Management / Emergency Services
LCOEM
q      Certified Emergency Manager (C-CEM)
q      ICS 100 Introduction to Incident Command System
q      ICS 200 ICS for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents
q      ICS 300 Intermediate Incident Command System
q      ICS 400 Advanced Incident Command System
q      ICS 700 National Incident Management System (NIMS), An Introduction
q      ICS 800 National Response Framework, An Introduction
 
Structural Fire
q      Fire Fighter 1
 
Wildfire (Single Resource Boss & Incident Commander Type 4
q      S-130 Basic Firefighter; S-190 Introduction to Wildland Fire Behavior
q      S-131 Firefighter Type 1; S-133 Look Up, Look Down, Look Around; S-211 Portable Pumps & Water Use; S-191 Introduction to Fire Signature Predictions
q      S-290 Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior
q      S-230 Crew Boss; S-231 Engine Boss
 
HAZMAT
q      HAZMAT Technician
q      HAZMAT Operations
 
Search & Rescue
q      Managing the Initial SAR Response
q      Managing the Lost Person Incident
q      Avalanche Level I / II / III
q      Swift Water Rescue Technician
q      Technical Rope Rescue: Technician Level
q      Ice Rescue Technician
q      Confined Space Rescue
 
Law Enforcement
q      POST Certification
q      Firearms Training
q      PPCT
 
Medical
q      NREMT-Basic / IV
 



 
Minimum Certification Schema for Lake County Sheriff’s Office Emergency Services Command Staff
Incident Command
q      ICS 100 Introduction to Incident Command System
q      ICS 200 ICS for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents
q      ICS 300 Intermediate Incident Command System
q      ICS 400 Advanced Incident Command System
q      ICS 700 National Incident Management System (NIMS), An Introduction
q      ICS 800 National Response Framework, An Introduction
 
Structural Fire
q      Fire Fighter 1
 
Wildfire (Single Resource Boss & Incident Commander Type 4)
q      S-130 Basic Firefighter; S-190 Introduction to Wildland Fire Behavior
q      S-131 Firefighter Type 1; S-133 Look Up, Look Down, Look Around; S-211 Portable Pumps & Water Use; S-191 Introduction to Fire Signature Predictions
q      S-290 Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior
q      S-230 Crew Boss; S-231 Engine Boss
 
HAZMAT
q      HAZMAT Technician
 
Search & Rescue
q      Managing the Initial SAR Response
q      Managing the Lost Person Incident
 
Law Enforcement
q      POST Certification
q      FTO & Firearms Training
q      Special Operations Training
 
Medical
q      EMT-Basic / IV
 



 
Minimum Certification Schema for Lake County Sheriff’s Office Emergency Services First Responder
Incident Command
q      ICS 100 Introduction to Incident Command System
q      ICS 200 ICS for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents
q      ICS 700 National Incident Management System (NIMS), An Introduction
q      ICS 800 National Response Framework, An Introduction
 
Structural Fire
 
q      Fire Fighter 1
 
Wildfire (Single Resource Boss & Incident Commander Type 4
q      S-130 Basic Firefighter; S-190 Introduction to Wildland Fire Behavior
q      S-131 Firefighter Type 1; S-133 Look Up, Look Down, Look Around; S-211 Portable Pumps & Water Use; S-191 Introduction to Fire Signature Predictions
 
HAZMAT
q      HAZMAT Technician
 
Law Enforcement
q      POST Certification
q      FTO & Firearms Training
q      Special Operations Training
 
Medical
q      First Responder
 
 



 
OPTION 1
 
This budget is a combination of the existing Lake County Sheriff’s Office patrol budget and the current fire budget paid to the City of Leadville (please note that this budget does not include a county-based EMS transport).
 
Lake County Emergency Services (Law, Fire, EMS, HAZMAT, Rescue)
01. Wage………………………………………………………                                                                                      724,600.00
Sheriff (set by statute)                                                                                  66,600.00 
Undersheriff, app by Sheriff, L.E. / F.F./EMS / HM Certified         60,000.00
Lieutenant, app by Sheriff, L.E. / F.F./EMS/ HM Certified, (2)      55,000.00 
Patrol, hired by Sheriff, L.E. / F.F./EMS/ HM Certified (9)             50,000.00
Records Clerk (1)                                                                                             28,000.00
Reserve Responder Pay                                                                                                10,000.00
02. Overtime………………………………………………….                                                                                    30,000.00
03. Holiday……………………………………………………                                                                                      30,000.00
04. Employer FICA Tax……………………………………..(6.2 of FT)                                                            44,305.00
05. Employer FICA Medicare Tax………………………….(1.45 of FT)                                                    10,362.00
06. Colorado Unemployment…………………………………(3.0 of FT)                                                    21,438.00
07. Retirement…………………………………………………(6.0 of FT)                                                              42,876.00
08. Health Insurance…………………………………(425.00 estimate)                                                      5,950.00
09. Clothing Allowance……………………………………….                                                                             16,000.00
10. Office Supplies…………………………………………….                                                                               1,500.00
11. Operating Supplies………………………………………..                                                            8,500.00
12. Public Official Bond……………………………………….                                                                             200.00
13. Travel……………………………………………………….                                                                                    5,100.00
14. Training & Education……………………………………..                                                            8,500.00
15. Dues and Subscriptions……………………………………                                                                          5,000.00
16. Vehicle Maintenance………………………………………..                                                        35,000.00
17. Fuel……………………………………………………………                                                                                   55,000.00
18. Towing Charges……………………………………………..                                                                             3,000.00
19. Weapons…………(includes purchase of 13 more weapons)                                                     15,000.00
20. Specialized Equipment……………………………………….                                                                      20,000.00
TOTAL……………………………………………………………                                                                                      1,082,331.00
OPTION 2
PROPOSED USE OF COUNTY FIRE BUDGET
 
This will assume that Lake County Government has the following personnel committed to the Emergency Services Response plan for unincorporated Lake County and the individual departments will pay the base salary:
 
Road and Bridge…………………………………………………………                     9 people
Lake County Sheriff’s Office……………………………………………                              9 people
TOTAL PAID POSITIONS…………………………………………….                       18 people
 
Annual wage increase per discipline:
Medical Certification……………………………………………………                 5,000.00
Hazardous Materials Operations…………………………………                  5,000.00
Firefighter 1…………………………………………………………….                        5,000.00
Advanced Law/Fire/EMS/HAZMAT/Rescue Training……………        2,500.00
TOTAL POTENTIAL…………………………………………………                            17,500.00
 
Total – 18 certified responders                                                                  315,000.00.
Total potential of benefits paid on wage stated above at 24%    75,600.00.
TOTAL BUDGETED AMOUNT FOR WAGE/SALARY ……………..            390,600.00.
 
Personal safety Equipment……………………………………………….           24,000.00
Large Equipment…………………………………………………………                    90,100.00
TOTAL BUDGET……………………………………………………….                         504,700.00



 
 
 
Solution 3:
 
Re-write the current IGA between the City and the County to better reflect the needs and interest of the citizens of the County.
 
Re-write Existing IGA
 
1. Define
(a)   Fire
(b)   EMS
(c)    Rescue
(d)   HAZMAT
(e)    Prevention
(f)     Jurisdiction
(g)   Coverage
 
Cost Structure
 
 
Appendix A

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